D U A T
The capsule version from the book "The Mystery of the Calendar"
"Let no one unversed in geometry enter here."
Contents (part V, chapter 7)
"The Orion Mystery" by R.Bauval and A.Gilbert focuses on the constellation Orion and its alignment to the three pyramids on the Giza plateau. The Orion Correlation theory says that the three pyramids correspond to the three stars of Orion's Belt.
That is not so. The forgotten civilization has left to us more exact and important information. I did not want to prove or to demolish this theory. I studied the ancient cryptogram and this information has helped me to find the Duat. Here I shall tell about it.
From the Egyptian mythology:
The Duat sky region is the place through which the Pharaohs believed that their souls would travel after death. It was the starting point of the Pharaoh's journey back to the stars from whence he came. The Duat separates the land of the living from the land of the dead. The very similar "starry" myths were kept and on the American continent.
The five-pointed star within a circle was the Egyptian symbol of the Duat. This image you can see on the top of this page.
"Egyptologists have made some very bad educational guesses about the meaning of the word Duat as "Netherworld." They know perfectly well that there is nothing "nether" about the word nor is there any known connection with some kind of "world." ...Dua means "dawning" and when the t ending is added, Duat should mean "the dawning Eye"."
— Clesson H. Harvey
Yes, this is a very good comparison that has been undersong. I shall speak about the important astronomical sense of the Duat.
G.Hancock wrote in the book "Heaven's Mirror":
"In fact the Duat had very specific celestial co-ordinates.
I have found these "very specific celestial co-ordinates" of the Duat.
A Starry Clock
"Horatio! There are more things in heaven and earth,
In my view the possibility of a serious "black hole" in scientific knowledge about recent prehistory is plausible and worthy of consideration.
At first a few definitions from the Glossary of astronomical terms:
Look at the image created by the astronomical program in the Ecliptic coordinate system.
North Pole of the Ecliptic is located in the Draco constellation (Dragon). As it wraps itself around the northern hemisphere Draco is circumpolar, not far from the North Pole.
Draco is a very old and extensive constellation; Draco once held even more stars. Some cartographers draw the figure of Hercules with one foot resting on the head of Draco. The ancient story of the Dragon concerns the Golden Apples of the Hesperides and Heracles' Eleventh Labour. The other legend takes us to primordial times when the Titans still fought with the Olympic gods for the supremacy of the Universe.
The Persians have regarded Draco as a man-eating serpent called Azhdeha. The Egyptians considered it the Crocodile (Hippopotamus). In early Hindu worship, Draco is given the form of an alligator known as Shi-shu-mara.
The North Ecliptic Pole is marked in the sky by the Cat's Eye Nebula.
Now I shall consider a position of North Celestial pole in the Upper point.
The Upper Point
The upper position (point H) of the North celestial pole is located between the star Alkaid (Benetnasch) of constellation Ursa Major and the star Edasich of constellation Draco.
The position of North Celestial Pole in 4493 BC
Let's look at what remains of the ancient knowledge and memories connected to this constellation.
The Big Dipper (Ursa Major) was seen as a bear by the European and Mediterranean stargazers as well as the American people. This of course suggests a link to a once world-permeating culture. This mythological complex is associated with the Great Bear, with a star near it as a dog which is dangerous for the Universe.
Alkaid or Benetnasch (from a derivation of the Arabic Al Ka'id Banat Na'ash) is the last star in the Ursa Major (the Greater Bear). English translation: Chief of the Daughters of the Bier, Principal Mourner. The 'Principal Mourner' or 'hired mourners' of the children of Na'ssh, who were murdered by the Pole Star [Al Jadi].
Alkaid was known as "the destroyer of nations" by Islamic astrologers. Experience has shown that many human lives are to be mourned. In accordance with adopted belief of ancient times, this fixed star is supposed to be bound up with the realm of the dead and is therefore associated with death and mourning.
Edasich is the orange star in the Draco (Dragon). The Arabic name for Edasich is Adh-Dhikh (The hyena). The Ancients said that when a comet was here, poison was scattered over the world. By the Cabalists it is associated with the 13th Tarot Trump "Death".
Now you can see what the very gloomy memories of the past cluster round this spot.
In this book I shall use the quotations from the so-called Pyramid Texts (http://www.pyramidtexts.com/).
The Age of Orion
"This day I called me the first-created [Sunday]."
Now we will consider the point of Vernal equinox.
This astronomical event, determined by the precession, happened April 26, 4493 BC (Sunday) when the Vernal Equinox Sun was in the conjunction with the Crossing point of the Galactic Equator (Milky Way), Ecliptic, and the Celestial Equator in Taurus (above the Orion, between the Gemini and Taurus). This is a very rare astronomical alignment. This conjunction initialized the movement of the Sun out of the Age of Gemini and into the Age of Taurus.
In 4493BC the line of Vernal equinox (0h) passed through the constellation Orion (near the star Bellatrix). It was the Age of Orion.
The Age of Orion
"O King, you are this great star, the companion of Orion,
This quoting from the Pyramid Texts speaks about a star which is located in the cross point of three lines, at the top of celestial pyramid (where the Sun is in the sky chart).
Sun blazes as a torch in the lifted hand of Orion, above his head. And on an ancient Egyptian picture, the Sun above a head of the god Re is represented.
The Bull (Taurus) is in the right side of the Milky Way, and the Twins (Gemini) is in the left side.
(The Giant, The Hunter)
Orion is surely one of the most important constellations, as it contains one of the nearest and most active stellar nurseries in the Milky Way. There where the stars are born.
The Crossing Point
I have decided to look in more detail that is in this Crossing point. The astronomical program has enlarged the image and there I have seen
"...a Star for which the gods bow down, because of which the Universe trembles"
Actually the astronomical program has drawn the Ancient Egyptian symbol of Duat - the star within a circle!
I have seen that the Sun (the circle in the sky chart) at the moment of Vernal equinox 4493 BC moved through the Crossing point of 3 lines (Galactic Equator, Ecliptic, and the Celestial Equator) and in this small area (less than 1°) there are 3 stars. These stars are very exactly (up to 0.5°) mark the position of the Crossing point.
Some astronomical data of these three stars (constellation Taurus):
From the Glossary of astronomical terms:
Astronomically, the "Duat" is located in the sky between the constellations of Orion, Gemini (Twins), and Taurus (Bull).
As Above, So Below
“Art thou not aware, O Asclepios, that Egypt is the image of heaven,
You may already know that many of the great monuments of early civilizations were astronomically aligned. The accurate cardinal orientation of the Great Pyramids at Giza in Egypt is outstanding examples. Giza seems to have been designed with very strict geometrical rules laid down from the start. If we want to understand the monuments of ancient Egypt, we have to think in terms of heaven and earth. "As above, so below", as the ancient hermetic texts put it.
The ancient Egyptians called the region of the heavens, of which Orion is a part, and which appears to be the pattern for the ground at Giza — the Duat.
Now it is possible to compare this astronomical picture with its terrestrial copy.
The sunrise on the Vernal Equinox April 26, 4493 BC
The three stars of Duat and the three pyramids of Giza
Day of Vernal Equinox on April 26, 4493 BC (Sunday). As above, so below. The sun shines as a gold capstone on the top of a celestial pyramid. Three lines (Galactic Equator, Ecliptic, and Celestial Equator) have formed the image of the celestial pyramid (but it is tilted).
Pay attention to three giant causeways that run from three main pyramids in the different directions and to three lines in the sky. These causeways seemingly do not lead anywhere.
Three small pyramids (near the Pyramid of Cheops) form the line parallel to a line of horizon. And other three small pyramids (near the Pyramid of Menkaure) form the perpendicular line. These lines determine a horizontal coordinate system (see the webpage "Secret of Pyramids", the image "9 Pyramids").
The colour of the covering of pyramids corresponds to the colour of stars. This is a symbolic architectural model of the Duat sky region.
Ecliptic and the Galactic Equator also are now intersected approximately in this point. At present the Sun passes through this point at the day of Summer solstice. The exact conjunction of the Summer solstice Sun and this point there was in 1997 AD (when "Osiris began to speak").
The Giza Pyramids
I have decided to compare this region of the sky with its terrestrial copy.
The main data of Giza pyramids:
The Giza pyramids plan
Here you can see one small pyramid near the Second pyramid (Pyramid of Chefren). This is the fourth pyramid. Now remnants of this satellite pyramid are present on the south side of the Second pyramid.
The Fourth Star
"The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be;
I have decided to look; there is a fourth small star in this point? It was a sight to see! The astronomical program has enlarged the image and I have seen the fourth star. And the position of this very small star corresponds to the position of the small pyramid near the Second pyramid!
(The small pyramid near the Second Pyramid)
Some astronomical data of this star (constellation Taurus):
These stars are invisible to the naked eye! It is possible that somebody can see only one star.
Well, now we have - the half-minutes on the Earth and the half-degrees in the sky. Having compared a mutual position of the four pyramids (latitude and longitude) with these four stars (altitude and azimuth), I have got the result:
Eh, it is a well known scale. The ancient civilization had constructed at Giza an exact replica of the Duat sky region. The Duat stars have provided the model for the complex of Giza pyramids, of this mysterious ancient temple. The Giza Pyramids serve one ultimate purpose, to indicate the Gateway to the Underworld (Duat) by pure geometry. In my opinion, the builders were part of a Global Earth Civilization that broke up about 6,500 years ago, and the massive Giza Pyramids are their relics that survived from the end of their civilization. They have warned us.
Well, this explains the purpose of all ten pyramids of the Giza plateau:
The Great Celestial Eye
Now let's look at the image of all the northern hemisphere sky on April 26, 4493 BC. This is a very interesting image, it reminds a human eye.
Great Celestial Eye (Eye of Horus)
On this image:
This image created by the astronomical program resembles the ancient Egyptian image "Eye of Horus" or "Eye of Re". The Eye of Horus came from a myth of his battles where Horus has lost his right eye.
The constellation associated with Osiris, Orion, stands at the corner of a Great Celestial Eye.
The crossing of the Galactic equator and Ecliptic form a well known figure "Fish's Bladder". This geometrical construction was used in antiquity.
Now we will consider a position of North Celestial pole in the Lower point.
to be continued...
FECI QUOD POTUI, FACIANT MELIORA POTENTES
Thank you for visiting my website!
Updated: November 16, 2014
© Copyright 2000 by Vladimir Pakhomov
Please Note: No part of this website including images, content or design
Best viewed with Internet Explorer 5 or later